NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|3 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES|
|NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 1 — NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Nature of Operations
Rezolute, Inc. (the “Company”) is a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company incorporated in Delaware in 2010.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2019, has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements. The unaudited interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K, which contains the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto, together with the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for the year ended June 30, 2019.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnote disclosures necessary for a comprehensive presentation of financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. It is management's opinion, however, that all material adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) have been made which are necessary for a fair financial statement presentation. The interim results for the three months ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the financial condition and results of operations that may be expected for any future interim period or for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020.
Comprehensive income (loss)
Comprehensive income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) plus other comprehensive income (loss). Other comprehensive income (loss) is comprised of revenues, expenses, gains, and losses that under GAAP are reported as separate components of stockholders’ equity (deficit) instead of net income (loss). For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the only component of comprehensive loss was the Company’s net loss.
The Company’s Chief Executive Officer also serves as the Company’s chief operating decision maker (the “CODM”) for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance based on financial information of the Company. Since its inception, the Company has determined that its activities as a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company are classified as a single reportable operating segment.
Certain amounts in the previously issued comparative interim financial statements for the three months ended September 30, 2018 have been reclassified to conform to the current interim financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported net loss, working capital, cash flows and stockholders’ equity (deficit).
The Company has three wholly owned subsidiaries consisting of AntriaBio Delaware, Inc., Rezolute (Bio) Ireland Limited, and Rezolute Bio UK, Ltd. The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its three wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience, and various other factors that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, to determine the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The Company’s significant accounting estimates include, but are not necessarily limited to, fair value of share-based payments and warrants, management’s assessment of going concern, clinical trial accrued liabilities, estimates of the probability and potential magnitude of contingent liabilities, and the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets due to continuing and expected future operating losses. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Risks and Uncertainties
The Company's operations may be subject to significant risks and uncertainties including financial, operational, regulatory and other risks associated with a clinical stage company, including the potential risk of business failure as discussed further in Note 2.
Research and Development Costs
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Intangible assets for in-licensing costs incurred under license agreements with third parties are charged to expense, unless the licensing rights have separate economic value in alternative future research and development projects or otherwise.
Clinical Trial Accruals
Clinical trial costs are a component of research and development expenses. The Company accrues and expenses clinical trial activities performed by third parties based upon estimates of the percentage of work completed over the life of the individual study in accordance with agreements established with clinical research organizations and clinical trial sites. The Company determines the estimates through discussions with internal clinical personnel and external service providers as to the progress or stage of completion of trials or services and the agreed-upon fee to be paid for such services.
Nonrefundable advance payments for goods and services that will be used or rendered in future research and development activities, are deferred and recognized as expense in the period that the related goods are delivered, or services are performed.
Stock Options with Market, Performance and Service Conditions
The Company grants certain stock options with vesting that is dependent on achieving market, performance and service criteria. For purposes of recognizing compensation cost, the Company determines the requisite service period as the longest of the explicit, implicit and derived vesting periods for each of the market, performance and service conditions, respectively. The derived vesting period for market conditions will be based on a valuation performed using a Monte Carlo model. Compensation cost will be recognized beginning on such date that achievement of the performance criterion is considered probable and continuing through the end of the requisite service period.
If the stock options do not ultimately vest as a result of failure to achieve the service criterion, any previously recognized compensation cost will be reversed for options that never vest. However, if the service and performance criteria are achieved, compensation cost will not be reversed even if the market condition is never achieved.
The Company determines if an arrangement includes a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets, accrued and other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. The Company uses the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at lease commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The operating lease ROU asset also excludes lease incentives. The Company's lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise any such options. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company has elected not to apply the recognition requirements for short-term leases. For lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, the Company generally accounts for them separately.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Standards. The following accounting standards were adopted during the three months ended September 30, 2019:
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This ASU requires the Company to recognize right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on the balance sheet and also disclose key information about leasing arrangements. On July 1, 2019, the Company adopted this new standard using the modified retrospective approach in accordance with Leases - Targeted Improvements (ASU No. 2018-11). The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within ASU No. 2018-11, which among other things, allowed the Company to carry forward the historical lease classification of those leases in place as of July 1, 2019. The impact of adoption resulted in the recognition of right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities for the discounted present value of the future lease payments on leases that were in effect on July 1, 2019, as follows (in thousands):
Please refer to Note 3 for further information about the right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities recognized under this standard. Due to the Company’s election to adopt this standard effective July 1, 2019, rent expense was recognized under the accounting standard that was previously in effect for all periods prior to July 1, 2019.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which expands the scope of ASC 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. The new standard does not apply to warrants issued to a lender or investor in a financing transaction. The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 effective July 1, 2019. Prior to the adoption of ASU 2018-07, the Company accounted for stock options and warrants granted to non-employees based on the fair value of the goods and services, or the equity instrument, whichever could be measured more reliably. If fair value of the equity instrument was more reliably determined, fair value of the equity instrument was required to be re-measured until the performance commitment date was achieved, which resulted in the recognition of subsequent gains and losses. Under the new standard, the fair value of the goods and services acquired from non-employees is solely determined using the fair value of the equity instruments issued and measurement of fair value is fixed on the grant date. The Company also made an accounting policy election to recognize the impact of forfeitures of non-employee awards in the period that the forfeiture occurs. The impact of adopting this standard was immaterial to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Standard Required to be Adopted in Future Years. The following accounting standard is not yet effective; management has not completed its evaluation to determine the impact that adoption of this standard will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 amends the guidance on the impairment of financial instruments. This update adds an impairment model (known as the current expected credit losses model) that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under the new guidance, an entity recognizes, as an allowance, its estimate of expected credit losses. In November 2018, ASU 2016-13 was amended by ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. ASU 2018-19 changes the effective date of the credit loss standards (ASU 2016-13) to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Further, the ASU clarifies that operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326-20 and should instead be accounted for under the new leasing standard, ASC 842.
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies that do not require adoption until a future date are not currently expected to have a material impact on our financial statements upon adoption.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef